Background: Structural and functional abnormalities of the aortic wall and disturbances of the coronary circulation with presumed microvascular complications have been reported in patients with diabetes mellitus. Objectives: To simultaneously establish the coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) and aortic distensibility indexes in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients who have normal epicardial coronary arteries by stress transesophageal echocardiography (STEE). Methods: The elastic properties of the descending aorta and the CFVR were evaluated simultaneously in 18 type 2 diabetes mellitus patients who had negative coronary angiograms. These results were compared with those of 21 nondiabetic subjects with normal epicardial coronary arteries and 24 patients with left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) stenosis. STEE was used for the evaluation of elastic moduli of the descending aorta. The CFVR was calculated as the ratio of the average peak diastolic flow velocity during hyperemia to that at rest. Results: The CFVR of diabetic patients with normal epicardial coronary arteries and those with LAD stenosis was similarly decreased compared with the controls (2.10±0.63 and 1.78±0.47 versus 2.76±1.25, P<0.05 and P<0.001, respectively). The elastic modulus (in 103 mmHg) was similarly increased in patients with diabetes mellitus and normal epicardial coronary arteries, and in those with LAD stenosis, compared with the control subjects (0.94±0.82 and 0.91±0.59 versus 0.49±0.19, P<0.05 and P<0.05, respectively). Conclusions: It may be stated that reduced aortic distensibility (increased elastic modulus) and the CFVR were demonstrated simultaneously during STEE in diabetic patients compared with nondiabetic subjects with negative coronary angiograms.
- Aortic distensibility
- Coronary flow velocity reserve
- Diabetes mellitus
- Transesophageal echocardiography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine