Red-blue clique partitions and (1-1)-transversals

A. Gyárfás, Jenő Lehel

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Abstract

Motivated by a problem of Gallai on (1-1)-transversals of 2-intervals, it was proved by the authors in 1969 that if the edges of a complete graph K are colored with red and blue (both colors can appear on an edge) so that there is no monochromatic induced C4 and C5 then the vertices of K can be partitioned into a red and a blue clique. Aharoni, Berger, Chudnovsky and Ziani recently strengthened this by showing that it is enough to assume that there is no induced monochromatic C4 and there is no induced C5 in one of the colors. Here we strengthen this result further, showing that it is enough to assume that there is no monochromatic induced C4 and there is no K5 on which both color classes induce a C5. We also answer a question of Kaiser and Rabinovich, giving an example of six 2-convex sets in the plane such that any three intersect but there is no (1-1)-transversal for them.

Original languageEnglish
JournalElectronic Journal of Combinatorics
Volume23
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Geometry and Topology
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics

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