Recovery of gait parameters of lower extremities after unilateral total, cemented hip replacement

Árpád Illyés, Zoltán Bejek, Róbert Paróczai, István Szlávik, R. Kiss

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In 20 patients with unilateral hip disease, who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA), the gait was analyzed preoperatively and 12 months after unilateral THA using a zebris ultrasound-based three-dimensional motion analysis system. The constant gait speed was 2.5 km/h. The spatial-temporal and angular parameters are compared to the gait parameters of 20 elderly, healthy subjects. The aim of this study is to determine how selected gait parameters may change as a result of total hip arthoplasty at constant gait speed. Before THA asymmetry was observed in spatial-temporal parameters, in range of hip motion, maximum hip flexion, maximum hip extension, as well as in knee motion. Therefore, it was suggested that the increased motion of the opposite hip and knee was a compensatory function. The study showed that increased pelvic obliquity and flexion-extension as compensation. It seems that the range of pelvic rotation was not involved, even in our patients with unilateral osteoarthritis of the hip joint. At 12 months after THA, asymmetry of spatial-temporal parameters and of knee and hip joint motion could not be observed, the increased pelvic motion also became less significant. Therefore, this study suggested that THA could reverse the adverse influence on other joints prior to symmetrical normalization of hip motion.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Fourth IASTED International Conference on Biomechanics, BioMech 2006
Pages81-84
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2006
Event4th IASTED International Conference on Biomechanics, BioMech 2006 - Palma de Mallorca, Spain
Duration: Aug 28 2006Aug 29 2006

Other

Other4th IASTED International Conference on Biomechanics, BioMech 2006
CountrySpain
CityPalma de Mallorca
Period8/28/068/29/06

Fingerprint

Arthroplasty
Hip Replacement Arthroplasties
Gait
Hip
Lower Extremity
Recovery
Hip Joint
Ultrasonics
Knee
Hip Osteoarthritis
Knee Joint
Articular Range of Motion
Healthy Volunteers
Joints

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Gait analysis
  • Hip
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Total hip arthroplasty (THA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Illyés, Á., Bejek, Z., Paróczai, R., Szlávik, I., & Kiss, R. (2006). Recovery of gait parameters of lower extremities after unilateral total, cemented hip replacement. In Proceedings of the Fourth IASTED International Conference on Biomechanics, BioMech 2006 (pp. 81-84)

Recovery of gait parameters of lower extremities after unilateral total, cemented hip replacement. / Illyés, Árpád; Bejek, Zoltán; Paróczai, Róbert; Szlávik, István; Kiss, R.

Proceedings of the Fourth IASTED International Conference on Biomechanics, BioMech 2006. 2006. p. 81-84.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Illyés, Á, Bejek, Z, Paróczai, R, Szlávik, I & Kiss, R 2006, Recovery of gait parameters of lower extremities after unilateral total, cemented hip replacement. in Proceedings of the Fourth IASTED International Conference on Biomechanics, BioMech 2006. pp. 81-84, 4th IASTED International Conference on Biomechanics, BioMech 2006, Palma de Mallorca, Spain, 8/28/06.
Illyés Á, Bejek Z, Paróczai R, Szlávik I, Kiss R. Recovery of gait parameters of lower extremities after unilateral total, cemented hip replacement. In Proceedings of the Fourth IASTED International Conference on Biomechanics, BioMech 2006. 2006. p. 81-84
Illyés, Árpád ; Bejek, Zoltán ; Paróczai, Róbert ; Szlávik, István ; Kiss, R. / Recovery of gait parameters of lower extremities after unilateral total, cemented hip replacement. Proceedings of the Fourth IASTED International Conference on Biomechanics, BioMech 2006. 2006. pp. 81-84
@inproceedings{1e7706f8bd8245d3ba6b8d539fe9de0a,
title = "Recovery of gait parameters of lower extremities after unilateral total, cemented hip replacement",
abstract = "In 20 patients with unilateral hip disease, who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA), the gait was analyzed preoperatively and 12 months after unilateral THA using a zebris ultrasound-based three-dimensional motion analysis system. The constant gait speed was 2.5 km/h. The spatial-temporal and angular parameters are compared to the gait parameters of 20 elderly, healthy subjects. The aim of this study is to determine how selected gait parameters may change as a result of total hip arthoplasty at constant gait speed. Before THA asymmetry was observed in spatial-temporal parameters, in range of hip motion, maximum hip flexion, maximum hip extension, as well as in knee motion. Therefore, it was suggested that the increased motion of the opposite hip and knee was a compensatory function. The study showed that increased pelvic obliquity and flexion-extension as compensation. It seems that the range of pelvic rotation was not involved, even in our patients with unilateral osteoarthritis of the hip joint. At 12 months after THA, asymmetry of spatial-temporal parameters and of knee and hip joint motion could not be observed, the increased pelvic motion also became less significant. Therefore, this study suggested that THA could reverse the adverse influence on other joints prior to symmetrical normalization of hip motion.",
keywords = "Biomechanics, Gait analysis, Hip, Osteoarthritis, Total hip arthroplasty (THA)",
author = "{\'A}rp{\'a}d Illy{\'e}s and Zolt{\'a}n Bejek and R{\'o}bert Par{\'o}czai and Istv{\'a}n Szl{\'a}vik and R. Kiss",
year = "2006",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780889866041",
pages = "81--84",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the Fourth IASTED International Conference on Biomechanics, BioMech 2006",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Recovery of gait parameters of lower extremities after unilateral total, cemented hip replacement

AU - Illyés, Árpád

AU - Bejek, Zoltán

AU - Paróczai, Róbert

AU - Szlávik, István

AU - Kiss, R.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - In 20 patients with unilateral hip disease, who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA), the gait was analyzed preoperatively and 12 months after unilateral THA using a zebris ultrasound-based three-dimensional motion analysis system. The constant gait speed was 2.5 km/h. The spatial-temporal and angular parameters are compared to the gait parameters of 20 elderly, healthy subjects. The aim of this study is to determine how selected gait parameters may change as a result of total hip arthoplasty at constant gait speed. Before THA asymmetry was observed in spatial-temporal parameters, in range of hip motion, maximum hip flexion, maximum hip extension, as well as in knee motion. Therefore, it was suggested that the increased motion of the opposite hip and knee was a compensatory function. The study showed that increased pelvic obliquity and flexion-extension as compensation. It seems that the range of pelvic rotation was not involved, even in our patients with unilateral osteoarthritis of the hip joint. At 12 months after THA, asymmetry of spatial-temporal parameters and of knee and hip joint motion could not be observed, the increased pelvic motion also became less significant. Therefore, this study suggested that THA could reverse the adverse influence on other joints prior to symmetrical normalization of hip motion.

AB - In 20 patients with unilateral hip disease, who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA), the gait was analyzed preoperatively and 12 months after unilateral THA using a zebris ultrasound-based three-dimensional motion analysis system. The constant gait speed was 2.5 km/h. The spatial-temporal and angular parameters are compared to the gait parameters of 20 elderly, healthy subjects. The aim of this study is to determine how selected gait parameters may change as a result of total hip arthoplasty at constant gait speed. Before THA asymmetry was observed in spatial-temporal parameters, in range of hip motion, maximum hip flexion, maximum hip extension, as well as in knee motion. Therefore, it was suggested that the increased motion of the opposite hip and knee was a compensatory function. The study showed that increased pelvic obliquity and flexion-extension as compensation. It seems that the range of pelvic rotation was not involved, even in our patients with unilateral osteoarthritis of the hip joint. At 12 months after THA, asymmetry of spatial-temporal parameters and of knee and hip joint motion could not be observed, the increased pelvic motion also became less significant. Therefore, this study suggested that THA could reverse the adverse influence on other joints prior to symmetrical normalization of hip motion.

KW - Biomechanics

KW - Gait analysis

KW - Hip

KW - Osteoarthritis

KW - Total hip arthroplasty (THA)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=38349156487&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=38349156487&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9780889866041

SP - 81

EP - 84

BT - Proceedings of the Fourth IASTED International Conference on Biomechanics, BioMech 2006

ER -