Reconstruction of the three-dimensional distribution of elements in fly-ash particles by micro-XRF spectroscopy

Anders Rindby, Koen Janssens, Janos Osan

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7 Citations (Scopus)


With the very large information depth available in micro-beam XRF, it is possible to generate two-dimensional maps of the elemental distribution over large spherical fly-ash particles with a resolution down to about 1 μm. These particles possess a large degree of spherical symmetry owing to the process of their formation. By applying special reconstruction algorithms, the symmetric part of the elemental distribution can be reconstructed from the two-dimensional projection maps and subtracted from the original map. The results show that such a fly-ash particle can be split into a radial symmetric part containing non-volatile carbonaceous compounds and an asymmetric part representing precipitates or sub-particles formed within the fly-ash particle. The symmetric part shows a distinctly visible outer and an inner shell. By using the asymmetric part of the distribution, the interior of the fly-ash particle can be studied without interference from the inner and outer shells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-257
Number of pages10
JournalX-Ray Spectrometry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2003


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Spectroscopy

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