Immune responses can be modulated by noradrenergic input at (1) hypothalamic (CRF and ACTH release), (2) immune cell (cytokine production), and (3) adrenal cortex (glucocorticoid production) level. Elucitating the basic mechanisms responsible for immunological responses and diseases may be helpful in developing therapeutic approaches for many disorders, such as autoimmune diseases.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- History and Philosophy of Science