Receptor-mediated local fine-tuning by noradrenergic innervation of neuroendocrine and immune systems

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Immune responses can be modulated by noradrenergic input at (1) hypothalamic (CRF and ACTH release), (2) immune cell (cytokine production), and (3) adrenal cortex (glucocorticoid production) level. Elucitating the basic mechanisms responsible for immunological responses and diseases may be helpful in developing therapeutic approaches for many disorders, such as autoimmune diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-396
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1998


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

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