The authors summarise the latest literature data and their own experience concerning the epidemiology, clinical findings and diagnosis of canine parvovirus enteritis. In recent years, the virulence of the virus has increased, and new strains (CPV-2a, CPV-2b) have been isolated worldwide. Due to widespread vaccination, in most dogs that contact the disease an inapparent, subclinical infection occurs. In dogs that become clinically ill the virus causes severe enteritis with vomiting and bloody diarrhoea. Isolation of the virus and detecion of the virus antigen seem to be the most specific methods to confirm diagnosis. The virus can be detected for 3 days after the appearance of clinical signs. EUSA and haemagglutination tests are frequently used for the detection of virus antigen in the faeces. Routine laboratory and instrumental examination can help in the recognition of the disease and certain complications (intussusception, paralytic ileus). The most important infectious and non-infectious diseases causing bloody diarrhoea are discussed with special regards to differential diagnosis.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1999|
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