Reactive and Additive Phosphorus-based Flame Retardants of Reduced Environmental Impact

Gy Marosi, B. Szolnoki, K. Bocz, A. Toldy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Citations (Scopus)


Phosphorus-based flame retardants are environmentally favored owing to their lower environmental impact during their entire life-cycle-including production, use, and disposal-when compared to other conventional flame retardants. Phosphorus-containing flame retardant systems are reviewed in this chapter by presenting the most recent innovative approaches of environmentally friendly flame retardancy. Environment- and process-centered comparison of reactive and additive fire retardant types is presented on the example of thermoplastic polyurethanes. In the case of epoxy resins preferences are given to the novel reactive-type flame retardants, especially when these are synthesized according to the principles of green chemistry. In thermoplastics, where the additive-type flame retardants dominate, the environmental gain of interface/interphase modifications is highlighted. In order to achieve even more green flame retardant systems the use of recycled and renewable resources is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolymer Green Flame Retardants
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages40
ISBN (Electronic)9780444538093
ISBN (Print)9780444538086
Publication statusPublished - Aug 26 2014



  • Biodegradable polymers
  • Composites
  • Interphase modification
  • Phosphorus active agents
  • Recycled polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Marosi, G., Szolnoki, B., Bocz, K., & Toldy, A. (2014). Reactive and Additive Phosphorus-based Flame Retardants of Reduced Environmental Impact. In Polymer Green Flame Retardants (pp. 181-220). Elsevier Inc..