Re-Co/NaY and Re-Co/Al2O3 bimetallic catalysts: In situ EXAFS study and catalytic activity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

To reveal possible relations between the structure and catalytic activity, in situ EXAFS and catalytic studies complemented with XRD, XPS, and TPR measurements have been performed on the promotion of cobalt catalysts by rhenium prepared by the incipient-wetness technique on Al2O3 and NaY zeolite. In situ EXAFS data collected at the Co K-edge and at the Re LIII-edge provided direct evidence of the rhenium-cobalt bond formation. The degree of reducibility depends on the support. There are two structural features, that is, on Re-Co/NaY nearly all rhenium atoms are in contact with Co atoms, whereas the cobalt atoms are surrounded by cobalt atoms in the first coordination sphere. In the case of Re-Co/Al2O3 samples the rhenium in oxide form may prevent the development of the "cobalt surface phase" (CSP), which is hardly reducible. The rate, α value and olefin/paraffin ratio showing special features in the CO hydrogenation and CH4 conversion to higher hydrocarbons are in line with the structural of the catalysts. Despite the difference in the degree of reducibility, the various activity of Re-Co/NaY and Re-Co/Al2O3 may be interpreted by the formation of mixed oxide on alumina preventing the deactivation and agglomeration of small metal particles. Furthermore, the rhenium promotes cobalt activity and the selective formation of higher hydrocarbon. In the mechanism the rhenium also prevents fast deactivation of cobalt.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-182
Number of pages14
JournalCatalysis Letters
Volume84
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2002

Fingerprint

Rhenium
Cobalt
rhenium
catalytic activity
Catalyst activity
cobalt
catalysts
Catalysts
Atoms
Hydrocarbons
deactivation
Oxides
atoms
hydrocarbons
Zeolites
Aluminum Oxide
metal particles
Alkenes
promotion
paraffins

Keywords

  • CH conversion
  • CO hydrogenation
  • In situ EXAFS study
  • NaY- and AlO-supported Re-Co

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Catalysis

Cite this

Re-Co/NaY and Re-Co/Al2O3 bimetallic catalysts : In situ EXAFS study and catalytic activity. / Bazin, D.; Borkó, L.; Koppány, Z.; Kovács, I.; Stefler, G.; Sajó, L. I.; Schay, Z.; Guczi, L.

In: Catalysis Letters, Vol. 84, No. 3-4, 12.2002, p. 169-182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T2 - In situ EXAFS study and catalytic activity

AU - Bazin, D.

AU - Borkó, L.

AU - Koppány, Z.

AU - Kovács, I.

AU - Stefler, G.

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AU - Schay, Z.

AU - Guczi, L.

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N2 - To reveal possible relations between the structure and catalytic activity, in situ EXAFS and catalytic studies complemented with XRD, XPS, and TPR measurements have been performed on the promotion of cobalt catalysts by rhenium prepared by the incipient-wetness technique on Al2O3 and NaY zeolite. In situ EXAFS data collected at the Co K-edge and at the Re LIII-edge provided direct evidence of the rhenium-cobalt bond formation. The degree of reducibility depends on the support. There are two structural features, that is, on Re-Co/NaY nearly all rhenium atoms are in contact with Co atoms, whereas the cobalt atoms are surrounded by cobalt atoms in the first coordination sphere. In the case of Re-Co/Al2O3 samples the rhenium in oxide form may prevent the development of the "cobalt surface phase" (CSP), which is hardly reducible. The rate, α value and olefin/paraffin ratio showing special features in the CO hydrogenation and CH4 conversion to higher hydrocarbons are in line with the structural of the catalysts. Despite the difference in the degree of reducibility, the various activity of Re-Co/NaY and Re-Co/Al2O3 may be interpreted by the formation of mixed oxide on alumina preventing the deactivation and agglomeration of small metal particles. Furthermore, the rhenium promotes cobalt activity and the selective formation of higher hydrocarbon. In the mechanism the rhenium also prevents fast deactivation of cobalt.

AB - To reveal possible relations between the structure and catalytic activity, in situ EXAFS and catalytic studies complemented with XRD, XPS, and TPR measurements have been performed on the promotion of cobalt catalysts by rhenium prepared by the incipient-wetness technique on Al2O3 and NaY zeolite. In situ EXAFS data collected at the Co K-edge and at the Re LIII-edge provided direct evidence of the rhenium-cobalt bond formation. The degree of reducibility depends on the support. There are two structural features, that is, on Re-Co/NaY nearly all rhenium atoms are in contact with Co atoms, whereas the cobalt atoms are surrounded by cobalt atoms in the first coordination sphere. In the case of Re-Co/Al2O3 samples the rhenium in oxide form may prevent the development of the "cobalt surface phase" (CSP), which is hardly reducible. The rate, α value and olefin/paraffin ratio showing special features in the CO hydrogenation and CH4 conversion to higher hydrocarbons are in line with the structural of the catalysts. Despite the difference in the degree of reducibility, the various activity of Re-Co/NaY and Re-Co/Al2O3 may be interpreted by the formation of mixed oxide on alumina preventing the deactivation and agglomeration of small metal particles. Furthermore, the rhenium promotes cobalt activity and the selective formation of higher hydrocarbon. In the mechanism the rhenium also prevents fast deactivation of cobalt.

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