Rapid identification of clinical Trichoderma longibrachiatum isolates by cellulose-acetate electrophoresis-mediated isoenzyme analysis

A. Szekeres, M. Láday, L. Kredics, J. Varga, Z. Antal, L. Hatvani, L. Manczinger, C. Vágvölgyi, E. Nagy

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Abstract

Cellulose-acetate electrophoresis was used to investigate isoenzyme polymorphism among ten clinical and 11 non-clinical isolates of Trichoderma. Initial testing of 13 enzyme systems for activity and resolution of bands showed that seven were appropriate for identifying the different species. Each of the enzyme systems investigated (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, glucose-6-phosphate isomerase, 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, peptidases A, B and D, and phosphoglucomutase) was diagnostic for at least one species. On the basis of the results of isoenzyme analysis, several isolates identified originally as Trichoderma pseudokoningii, T. koningii or T. citrinoviride were re-identified as T. longibrachiatum, in agreement with sequence analysis data for the internal transcribed spacer region of the isolates. The availability of a quick, inexpensive and reliable diagnostic tool for the identification of T. longibrachiatum isolates is important, as most clinical Trichoderma isolates belong to T. longibrachiatum. Furthermore, as many different enzyme systems are available, the method may also be suitable for the identification of other clinically relevant fungal species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)369-375
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Microbiology and Infection
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006

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Keywords

  • Cellulose-acetate electrophoresis
  • Diagnosis
  • Identification of fungi
  • Isoenzyme analysis
  • Trichoderma spp.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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