Rapid genotyping of paraoxonase 55 and 192 mutations by melting point analysis using real time PCR technology

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Background: Paraoxonase (PON1) enzyme was identified as one of the components of HDL responsible for prevention of lipid peroxides accumulation in low-density lipoprotein (LDL). A triphasic phenotypic frequency distribution of PON1 activity was shown in the human population resulted by two nucleotide interchanges at residues 55 and 192. The paraoxonase isoforms have different effectiveness in hydrolysing lipid peroxides. Methods: To date, genotyping for PON1 is mainly performed by PCR RFLP technique, that is time consuming and sensitive to contamination. We developed highly reliable single-step methods for genotyping both PON1 55 and 192 polymorphisms using LightCycler real time PCR technology based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer. After the ultrafast PCR, melting point analysis was performed and fluorescence intensity was monitored simultaneously with slow heating. Results and conclusions: The observed melting temperatures in the PON1 55 and 192 melting point analyses characteristic to the oligonucleotides hybridised to the mutant and wild-type DNA were 57°C, 61°C and 51.5°C, 57.5°C, respectively. The temperature differences in melting points (4°C and 6°C, respectively) offer a powerful tool for rapid, reliable mutation detection for 55 and 192 polymorphisms even in routine diagnostic laboratories or large epidemiological studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-36
Number of pages6
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003



  • Genotyping
  • LightCycler
  • Melting point analysis
  • PON192
  • PON55
  • Paraoxonase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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