Randomized, controlled, six-month trial of yoga in healthy seniors

Effects on cognition and quality of life

Barry S. Oken, Daniel Zajdel, Shirley Kishiyama, Kristin Flegal, Cathleen Dehen, Mitchell Haas, D. Kraemer, Julie Lawrence, Joanne Leyva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

239 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context • There are potential benefits of mind-body techniques on cognitive function because the techniques involve an active attentional or mindfulness component, but this has not been fully explored. Objective • To determine the effect of yoga on cognitive function, fatigue, mood, and quality of life in seniors. Design • Randomized, controlled trial comparing yoga, exercise, and wait-list control groups. Participants • One hundred thirty-five generally healthy men and women aged 65-85 years. Intervention • Participants were randomized to 6 months of Hatha yoga class, walking exercise class, or wait-list control. Subjects assigned to classes also were asked to practice at home. Main Outcome Measures • Outcome assessments performed at baseline and after the 6-month period included a battery of cognitive measures focused on attention and alertness, the primary outcome measures being performance on the Stroop Test and a quantitative electroencephalogram (EEG) measure of alertness; SF-36 health-related quality of life; Profile of Mood States; Multi-Dimensional Fatigue Inventory; and physical measures related to the interventions. Results • One hundred thirty-five subjects were recruited and randomized. Seventeen subjects did not finish the 6-month intervention. There were no effects from either of the active interventions on any of the cognitive and alertness outcome measures. The yoga intervention produced improvements in physical measures (eg, timed 1-legged standing, forward flexibility) as well as a number of quality-of-life measures related to sense of well-being and energy and fatigue compared to controls. Conclusions • There were no relative improvements of cognitive function among healthy seniors in the yoga or exercise group compared to the wait-list control group. Those in the yoga group showed significant improvement in quality-of-life and physical measures compared to exercise and wait-list control groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-47
Number of pages8
JournalAlternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Volume12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006

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Yoga
Cognition
Quality of Life
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Exercise
Fatigue
Control Groups
Stroop Test
Mindfulness
Walking
Electroencephalography
Randomized Controlled Trials
Equipment and Supplies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Complementary and alternative medicine
  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Oken, B. S., Zajdel, D., Kishiyama, S., Flegal, K., Dehen, C., Haas, M., ... Leyva, J. (2006). Randomized, controlled, six-month trial of yoga in healthy seniors: Effects on cognition and quality of life. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 12(1), 40-47.

Randomized, controlled, six-month trial of yoga in healthy seniors : Effects on cognition and quality of life. / Oken, Barry S.; Zajdel, Daniel; Kishiyama, Shirley; Flegal, Kristin; Dehen, Cathleen; Haas, Mitchell; Kraemer, D.; Lawrence, Julie; Leyva, Joanne.

In: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, Vol. 12, No. 1, 01.2006, p. 40-47.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oken, BS, Zajdel, D, Kishiyama, S, Flegal, K, Dehen, C, Haas, M, Kraemer, D, Lawrence, J & Leyva, J 2006, 'Randomized, controlled, six-month trial of yoga in healthy seniors: Effects on cognition and quality of life', Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 40-47.
Oken, Barry S. ; Zajdel, Daniel ; Kishiyama, Shirley ; Flegal, Kristin ; Dehen, Cathleen ; Haas, Mitchell ; Kraemer, D. ; Lawrence, Julie ; Leyva, Joanne. / Randomized, controlled, six-month trial of yoga in healthy seniors : Effects on cognition and quality of life. In: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine. 2006 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 40-47.
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