Raman scattering from double-walled carbon nanotubes is reported with particular emphasis on the response from the radial breathing mode (RBM) of the inner-shell tubes. The unexpected large number of very narrow lines observed is explained by the growth of one and the same inner tube type in different outer tubes in a highly shielded environment. The response of the RBM and of the G-line is used to analyze the transition from peapods to double-walled carbon nanotubes. During the transformation process the Raman response disappears for a short time, indicating the existence of some Raman dark matter. By preparing the starting peapods from heterofullerenes such as (C59N)2 or 13C-substituted fullerenes, hetero-nanotubes can be grown where nitrogen or the 13C atoms are incorporated into the inner tube wall.
- C N
- Double-walled carbon nanotubes
- Raman spectroscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)