Rafting MHC-II domains in the APC (presynaptic) plasma membrane and the thresholds for T-cell activation and immunological synapse formation

I. Gombos, Cynthia Detre, G. Vámosi, J. Matkó

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43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Glycosphingolipid- and cholesterol-rich membrane microdomains (rafts) in T-cells are important in triggering and regulation of TH-cell activation in immunological synapses (IS), which in turn may control the T-cell repertoire in lymph nodes and at the periphery. It is less known, however, how the "presynaptic side" controls formation and function of IS. We investigated here activation signals and synapse formation frequency of murine IP12-7 TH hybridoma cell specific to influenza virus HA-peptide upon stimulation with two B-lymphoma cells, A20 and 2PK3, pulsed with peptide antigen. Confocal microscopic colocalization and FRET data consonantly revealed clustered distribution and constitutive raft-association of a major fraction of MHC-II molecules in both APCs. Costimulatory molecules (CD80 and CD86), not associated constitutively with rafts, were expressed at much lower level in A20 cells. T-cells responded to 2PK3 APC with much higher signal strength than to A20 cells, in good correlation with the frequency of IS formation, as assessed by microscopic conjugation assay. Disruption of rafts by cholesterol depletion in 2PK3 cells largely decreased the magnitude of TH cell activation signals, especially at low peptide antigen doses, similarly to masking CD4 with mAb on T-cells. The frequency of IS formation was reduced by blocking LFA-1 on T-cells and CD80 on APCs, by lowering the temperature below the phase transition of the membrane or by disrupting actin cytoskeleton. These data together suggest that the surface density and affinity/stability of peptide-MHC-II complexes and the costimulatory level are primary determinants for an efficient TCR recognition and the strength of the subsequent T-cell signals, as well as of the IS formation, which additionally requires a cytoskeleton-dependent remodeling of APC surface after the initial TCR signal. The threshold of T-cell activation can be further set by rafting MHC-II domains via concentrating high affinity ligands and promoting thereby T-cells for sensing low density antigen. Our data also demonstrate that B-cells, similarly to dendritic cells, could also provide T-cells with antigen-independent weak survival signals, likely associated with integrin engagement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-124
Number of pages8
JournalImmunology Letters
Volume92
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 29 2004

Fingerprint

Immunological Synapses
Cell Membrane
T-Lymphocytes
Antigens
Peptides
Cholesterol
Membrane Microdomains
Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1
Glycosphingolipids
Phase Transition
Hybridomas
B-Cell Lymphoma
Orthomyxoviridae
Cytoskeleton
Actin Cytoskeleton
Integrins
Synapses
Dendritic Cells
B-Lymphocytes
Lymph Nodes

Keywords

  • Immunological synapses
  • MHC-II domains
  • T-cell activation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

Cite this

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title = "Rafting MHC-II domains in the APC (presynaptic) plasma membrane and the thresholds for T-cell activation and immunological synapse formation",
abstract = "Glycosphingolipid- and cholesterol-rich membrane microdomains (rafts) in T-cells are important in triggering and regulation of TH-cell activation in immunological synapses (IS), which in turn may control the T-cell repertoire in lymph nodes and at the periphery. It is less known, however, how the {"}presynaptic side{"} controls formation and function of IS. We investigated here activation signals and synapse formation frequency of murine IP12-7 TH hybridoma cell specific to influenza virus HA-peptide upon stimulation with two B-lymphoma cells, A20 and 2PK3, pulsed with peptide antigen. Confocal microscopic colocalization and FRET data consonantly revealed clustered distribution and constitutive raft-association of a major fraction of MHC-II molecules in both APCs. Costimulatory molecules (CD80 and CD86), not associated constitutively with rafts, were expressed at much lower level in A20 cells. T-cells responded to 2PK3 APC with much higher signal strength than to A20 cells, in good correlation with the frequency of IS formation, as assessed by microscopic conjugation assay. Disruption of rafts by cholesterol depletion in 2PK3 cells largely decreased the magnitude of TH cell activation signals, especially at low peptide antigen doses, similarly to masking CD4 with mAb on T-cells. The frequency of IS formation was reduced by blocking LFA-1 on T-cells and CD80 on APCs, by lowering the temperature below the phase transition of the membrane or by disrupting actin cytoskeleton. These data together suggest that the surface density and affinity/stability of peptide-MHC-II complexes and the costimulatory level are primary determinants for an efficient TCR recognition and the strength of the subsequent T-cell signals, as well as of the IS formation, which additionally requires a cytoskeleton-dependent remodeling of APC surface after the initial TCR signal. The threshold of T-cell activation can be further set by rafting MHC-II domains via concentrating high affinity ligands and promoting thereby T-cells for sensing low density antigen. Our data also demonstrate that B-cells, similarly to dendritic cells, could also provide T-cells with antigen-independent weak survival signals, likely associated with integrin engagement.",
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T1 - Rafting MHC-II domains in the APC (presynaptic) plasma membrane and the thresholds for T-cell activation and immunological synapse formation

AU - Gombos, I.

AU - Detre, Cynthia

AU - Vámosi, G.

AU - Matkó, J.

PY - 2004/3/29

Y1 - 2004/3/29

N2 - Glycosphingolipid- and cholesterol-rich membrane microdomains (rafts) in T-cells are important in triggering and regulation of TH-cell activation in immunological synapses (IS), which in turn may control the T-cell repertoire in lymph nodes and at the periphery. It is less known, however, how the "presynaptic side" controls formation and function of IS. We investigated here activation signals and synapse formation frequency of murine IP12-7 TH hybridoma cell specific to influenza virus HA-peptide upon stimulation with two B-lymphoma cells, A20 and 2PK3, pulsed with peptide antigen. Confocal microscopic colocalization and FRET data consonantly revealed clustered distribution and constitutive raft-association of a major fraction of MHC-II molecules in both APCs. Costimulatory molecules (CD80 and CD86), not associated constitutively with rafts, were expressed at much lower level in A20 cells. T-cells responded to 2PK3 APC with much higher signal strength than to A20 cells, in good correlation with the frequency of IS formation, as assessed by microscopic conjugation assay. Disruption of rafts by cholesterol depletion in 2PK3 cells largely decreased the magnitude of TH cell activation signals, especially at low peptide antigen doses, similarly to masking CD4 with mAb on T-cells. The frequency of IS formation was reduced by blocking LFA-1 on T-cells and CD80 on APCs, by lowering the temperature below the phase transition of the membrane or by disrupting actin cytoskeleton. These data together suggest that the surface density and affinity/stability of peptide-MHC-II complexes and the costimulatory level are primary determinants for an efficient TCR recognition and the strength of the subsequent T-cell signals, as well as of the IS formation, which additionally requires a cytoskeleton-dependent remodeling of APC surface after the initial TCR signal. The threshold of T-cell activation can be further set by rafting MHC-II domains via concentrating high affinity ligands and promoting thereby T-cells for sensing low density antigen. Our data also demonstrate that B-cells, similarly to dendritic cells, could also provide T-cells with antigen-independent weak survival signals, likely associated with integrin engagement.

AB - Glycosphingolipid- and cholesterol-rich membrane microdomains (rafts) in T-cells are important in triggering and regulation of TH-cell activation in immunological synapses (IS), which in turn may control the T-cell repertoire in lymph nodes and at the periphery. It is less known, however, how the "presynaptic side" controls formation and function of IS. We investigated here activation signals and synapse formation frequency of murine IP12-7 TH hybridoma cell specific to influenza virus HA-peptide upon stimulation with two B-lymphoma cells, A20 and 2PK3, pulsed with peptide antigen. Confocal microscopic colocalization and FRET data consonantly revealed clustered distribution and constitutive raft-association of a major fraction of MHC-II molecules in both APCs. Costimulatory molecules (CD80 and CD86), not associated constitutively with rafts, were expressed at much lower level in A20 cells. T-cells responded to 2PK3 APC with much higher signal strength than to A20 cells, in good correlation with the frequency of IS formation, as assessed by microscopic conjugation assay. Disruption of rafts by cholesterol depletion in 2PK3 cells largely decreased the magnitude of TH cell activation signals, especially at low peptide antigen doses, similarly to masking CD4 with mAb on T-cells. The frequency of IS formation was reduced by blocking LFA-1 on T-cells and CD80 on APCs, by lowering the temperature below the phase transition of the membrane or by disrupting actin cytoskeleton. These data together suggest that the surface density and affinity/stability of peptide-MHC-II complexes and the costimulatory level are primary determinants for an efficient TCR recognition and the strength of the subsequent T-cell signals, as well as of the IS formation, which additionally requires a cytoskeleton-dependent remodeling of APC surface after the initial TCR signal. The threshold of T-cell activation can be further set by rafting MHC-II domains via concentrating high affinity ligands and promoting thereby T-cells for sensing low density antigen. Our data also demonstrate that B-cells, similarly to dendritic cells, could also provide T-cells with antigen-independent weak survival signals, likely associated with integrin engagement.

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