In this article, the role of conventional radiotherapy and radiosurgery in the management of pituitary tumours is discussed. After a brief review about the mechanism of action and different techniques of irradiation therapy, the therapeutic effectiveness and side effects are analysed in the various types of pituitary tumours. Conventional fractionated radiotherapy has long been used to control growth and/or hormonal secretion of residual or recurrent pituitary tumours. Nevertheless, there is still a controversy concerning patient selection for radiotherapy, because several potentially significant side effects including hypopituitarism may develop. Stereotactic radiosurgical methods may have several advantages over conventional radiotherapy; they can be applied, for example, in patients with residual or recurrent pituitary tumours who had previously received conventional radiotherapy. However, long-term follow-up data with these relatively new techniques are still limited.
|Translated title of the contribution||Radiotherapy of pituitary tumours|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 13 2006|
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