Radiocarbon-dated peat development: Anthropogenic and climatic signals in a Holocene raised bog and lake profile from the Eastern part of the Carpathian Basin

Réka Orsolya Tapody, Sándor Gulyás, Tünde Töråcsik, P. Sümegi, Dávid Molnár, Balázs P. Sümegi, Mihály Molnár

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The peat bog at Homoródszentpál Kerek-tó (Round Lake), situated in Homoród Hills of the Eastern Carpathians in Romania, provides a continuous record of paleoclimatic and paleoenvironmental changes from the Early Holocene. In this study, we present a 7500-year-long high-resolution record of past climatic changes and signs of human impact recorded in a peat bog via integrating sedimentological, paleoecological and geochemical proxies. The basin of Round Lake formed around the Pleistocene-Holocene border when the permafrost thawed. Ponded water accumulated in the catchment basin from the beginning of the Holocene but ca. 7500 cal BP years ago lacustrine sedimentation was exchanged for peat accumulation. The 570-cm-long core was subsampled at 2-4 cm intervals and subjected to grain-size, loss-on-ignition (LOI), pollen, and radiocarbon (14C) analyses. Our findings were correlated with and interpreted in the light of paleobotanical records deriving from archaeological sites and the newest bioclimatological models of the nearby areas. Sedimentological analysis document erosion and accumulation events which were influenced by more complex processes like climate change. Based on environmental historical and climatic data we aimed to reconstruct the environmental changes of forested areas in the Homoródi Hills.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1215-1226
Number of pages12
JournalRadiocarbon
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2018

Fingerprint

raised bog
peat
Holocene
peatland
lake
basin
climate change
anthropogenic effect
permafrost
environmental change
pollen
grain size
Pleistocene
sedimentation
catchment
erosion
Radiocarbon
Peat Bog
Peat
Carpathian Basin

Keywords

  • AMS dating
  • chronology
  • paleoecology
  • peat accumulation rates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Radiocarbon-dated peat development : Anthropogenic and climatic signals in a Holocene raised bog and lake profile from the Eastern part of the Carpathian Basin. / Tapody, Réka Orsolya; Gulyás, Sándor; Töråcsik, Tünde; Sümegi, P.; Molnár, Dávid; Sümegi, Balázs P.; Molnár, Mihály.

In: Radiocarbon, Vol. 60, No. 4, 01.06.2018, p. 1215-1226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tapody, Réka Orsolya ; Gulyás, Sándor ; Töråcsik, Tünde ; Sümegi, P. ; Molnár, Dávid ; Sümegi, Balázs P. ; Molnár, Mihály. / Radiocarbon-dated peat development : Anthropogenic and climatic signals in a Holocene raised bog and lake profile from the Eastern part of the Carpathian Basin. In: Radiocarbon. 2018 ; Vol. 60, No. 4. pp. 1215-1226.
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