Radical Yields in the Radiolysis of Branched Hydrocarbons

Tertiary C-H Bond Rupture in 2,3-Dimethylbutane, 2,4-Dimethylpentane, and 3-Ethylpentane

Robert H. Schuler, L. Wojnárovits

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Abstract

Gel permeation chromatography has been applied to iodine scavenging studies of the distribution of radicals produced in the radiolysis of symmetrically branched hydrocarbons 2,3-dimethylbutane, 2,4-dimethylpentane, and 3-ethylpentane. The principal iodides observed are those expected as a result of simple bond rupture. In the case of 2,3-dimethylbutane all five expected iodides are readily resolvable and it is shown that the loss of H from a tertiary position is favored over loss from a primary position by a factor of ∼10. A similar ratio is also observed for 2,4-dimethylpentane. The higher ratio of 15 observed for 3-ethylpentane indicates a dependence on the number of tertiary sites on the alkane. The relative yield of ∼3.3 for the loss of secondary and primary H atoms from 2,4-dimethylpentane and 3-ethylpentane is similar to that for normal alkanes, indicating a negligible effect of the adjacent tertiary carbon. In all three cases the rupture of terminal C-C bonds is relatively infrequent with C-C rupture occurring preferentially at the bonds adjacent to the tertiary carbon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9240-9247
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume107
Issue number43
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 30 2003

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Radiolysis
Hydrocarbons
radiolysis
Alkanes
hydrocarbons
Iodides
iodides
alkanes
Carbon
gel chromatography
carbon
Scavenging
scavenging
Gel permeation chromatography
Iodine
iodine
Atoms
atoms
2,3-dimethylbutane
2,4-dimethylpentane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Radical Yields in the Radiolysis of Branched Hydrocarbons: Tertiary C-H Bond Rupture in 2,3-Dimethylbutane, 2,4-Dimethylpentane, and 3-Ethylpentane",
abstract = "Gel permeation chromatography has been applied to iodine scavenging studies of the distribution of radicals produced in the radiolysis of symmetrically branched hydrocarbons 2,3-dimethylbutane, 2,4-dimethylpentane, and 3-ethylpentane. The principal iodides observed are those expected as a result of simple bond rupture. In the case of 2,3-dimethylbutane all five expected iodides are readily resolvable and it is shown that the loss of H from a tertiary position is favored over loss from a primary position by a factor of ∼10. A similar ratio is also observed for 2,4-dimethylpentane. The higher ratio of 15 observed for 3-ethylpentane indicates a dependence on the number of tertiary sites on the alkane. The relative yield of ∼3.3 for the loss of secondary and primary H atoms from 2,4-dimethylpentane and 3-ethylpentane is similar to that for normal alkanes, indicating a negligible effect of the adjacent tertiary carbon. In all three cases the rupture of terminal C-C bonds is relatively infrequent with C-C rupture occurring preferentially at the bonds adjacent to the tertiary carbon.",
author = "Schuler, {Robert H.} and L. Wojn{\'a}rovits",
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T1 - Radical Yields in the Radiolysis of Branched Hydrocarbons

T2 - Tertiary C-H Bond Rupture in 2,3-Dimethylbutane, 2,4-Dimethylpentane, and 3-Ethylpentane

AU - Schuler, Robert H.

AU - Wojnárovits, L.

PY - 2003/10/30

Y1 - 2003/10/30

N2 - Gel permeation chromatography has been applied to iodine scavenging studies of the distribution of radicals produced in the radiolysis of symmetrically branched hydrocarbons 2,3-dimethylbutane, 2,4-dimethylpentane, and 3-ethylpentane. The principal iodides observed are those expected as a result of simple bond rupture. In the case of 2,3-dimethylbutane all five expected iodides are readily resolvable and it is shown that the loss of H from a tertiary position is favored over loss from a primary position by a factor of ∼10. A similar ratio is also observed for 2,4-dimethylpentane. The higher ratio of 15 observed for 3-ethylpentane indicates a dependence on the number of tertiary sites on the alkane. The relative yield of ∼3.3 for the loss of secondary and primary H atoms from 2,4-dimethylpentane and 3-ethylpentane is similar to that for normal alkanes, indicating a negligible effect of the adjacent tertiary carbon. In all three cases the rupture of terminal C-C bonds is relatively infrequent with C-C rupture occurring preferentially at the bonds adjacent to the tertiary carbon.

AB - Gel permeation chromatography has been applied to iodine scavenging studies of the distribution of radicals produced in the radiolysis of symmetrically branched hydrocarbons 2,3-dimethylbutane, 2,4-dimethylpentane, and 3-ethylpentane. The principal iodides observed are those expected as a result of simple bond rupture. In the case of 2,3-dimethylbutane all five expected iodides are readily resolvable and it is shown that the loss of H from a tertiary position is favored over loss from a primary position by a factor of ∼10. A similar ratio is also observed for 2,4-dimethylpentane. The higher ratio of 15 observed for 3-ethylpentane indicates a dependence on the number of tertiary sites on the alkane. The relative yield of ∼3.3 for the loss of secondary and primary H atoms from 2,4-dimethylpentane and 3-ethylpentane is similar to that for normal alkanes, indicating a negligible effect of the adjacent tertiary carbon. In all three cases the rupture of terminal C-C bonds is relatively infrequent with C-C rupture occurring preferentially at the bonds adjacent to the tertiary carbon.

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