Quantum fluctuations and anisotropy in quasi-one-dimensional antiferromagnets

P. Santini, G. Fáth, Z. Domański, P. Erdős

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


In the quasi-one-dimensional antiferromagnets CsMnBr(Formula presented) and RbMnBr(Formula presented) the magnetization produced by an external magnetic field displays a much stronger dependence upon the direction of the field than expected from calculations done for a system of classical spins at zero temperature. By performing these calculations for a system at the temperature at which experiments were made it has been shown that thermal fluctuations may account for the observed anisotropy of the magnetization. We analyze here the role of quantum fluctuations. We find that the spin-wave approximation does not give meaningful results when applied to these systems and explain why this is so. We perform then density-matrix renormalization-group calculations, which show that the anisotropy is enhanced over its classical value by quantum fluctuations already at (Formula presented).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5373-5379
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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