Quantitative autoradiographic demonstration of changes in binding to delta opioid, but not mu or kappa receptors, in chick forebrain 30 minutes after passive avoidance training

András Csillag, Michael G. Stewart, Andrea D. Székely, Zsófia Maglóczky, Rachel C. Bourne, Robert J. Steele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Day-old domestic chicks (Gallus domesticus) were trained on a one-trial passive avoidance task in which the aversive stimulus was a bitter tasting substance, methylanthranilate. Thirty minutes later, localization of binding of highly specific ligands (([d-Ala2, Gly-ol]-enkephalin ([3H]DAGO) for mu (μ) receptor sites, [d-Pen2,d-Pen5]-enkephalin ([3H]-DPDPE) for delta (δ) sites, and [3H]-U- 69593 for kappa (k1) sites) to opioid receptors in various regions of the forebrain of methyl-anthranilate trained (M-) and control (water trained (W-)) chicks was determined using quantitative receptor autoradiography. Significant differences in binding to delta ([3H]-DPDPE), but not mu or kappa receptors, were found in several regions of the forebrain, of trained compared to control chicks. There were decreases in binding in the hyperstriatum dorsale of the left hemisphere (14%) and a decrease in binding in the lateral hyperstriatum ventrale of the right hemisphere (14%). However, significant increases were observed in delta binding in the paleostriatum augmentatum of the right hemisphere (16%) and the lobus parolfactorius of both hemispheres (left, 20%; right, 21%). In a control experiment designed to determine whether the taste of methylanthranilate contributed to the increase in 3H-DPDPE binding, there was no significant difference in the level of binding between blindfolded birds in which methylanthranilate was placed in the beak, and blindfolded birds in which water was placed on the bead and inserted into the beak. These findings demonstrate that changes occur in an opioid receptor sub-type in specific regions of forebrain of the chick following passive avoidance training which may be related to events concerned with the process of memory formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-105
Number of pages10
JournalBrain research
Volume613
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 4 1993

Keywords

  • Avian brain
  • Domestic chick
  • Opioid-binding
  • Passive avoidance
  • Quantitative autoradiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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