Quality of frozen-thawed testicular sperm and its preclinical use for intracytoplasmic sperm injection into in vitro-matured germinal-vesicle stage oocytes

Greta Verheyen, P. Nagy, Hubert Joris, Ilse De Croo, Herman Tournaye, André Van Steirteghem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To study the effects of cryopreservation on the quality of human testicular spermatozoa and the efficiency of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with frozen-thawed testicular sperm into metaphase II oocytes in vitro-matured from the germinal-vesicle stage oocyte. Design: Preclinical freezing study on supernumarary testicular spermatozoa after ICSI. Setting: Tertiary IVF center coupled with an institutional research environment. Patient(s): Twenty-nine patients undergoing excisional testicular biopsy for ICSI. Intervention(s): Isolated testicular spermatozoa were cryopreserved and thawed; frozen-thawed motile testicular spermatozoa were microinjected. Main Outcome Measure(s): Prefreezing and post-thawing motility and viability, survival rate, fertilization rate, cleavage rate, and embryo quality after ICSI. Result(s): Mean percentage motility decreased from 21% before freezing to 6% after thawing. Vitality was impaired to a similar extent, decreasing from 68% to 22% (32% recovery rate). Injection of frozen- thawed testicular spermatozoa into in vitro-matured oocytes resulted in a fertilization rate of 50.9%. Cleavage rate was severely impaired. Half of the fertilized oocytes became arrested in the one-cell stage. Conclusion(s): Despite the low quality of the fresh testicular spermatozoa, a high percentage of prepared testicular sperm fractions showed survival and motility after the freezing and thawing process. Injection of frozen-thawed testicular sperm into matured oocytes resulted in fertilization rates comparable with these with fresh testicular sperm, but cleavage rates were severely impaired, which might be due to source of oocytes used for ICSI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-80
Number of pages7
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume67
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injections
Oocytes
Spermatozoa
Fertilization
Freezing
In Vitro Techniques
Injections
Cryopreservation
Metaphase
Embryonic Structures
Survival Rate
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Biopsy

Keywords

  • Freezing
  • in vitro- matured oocytes
  • intracytoplasmic sperm injection
  • testicular sperm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

Quality of frozen-thawed testicular sperm and its preclinical use for intracytoplasmic sperm injection into in vitro-matured germinal-vesicle stage oocytes. / Verheyen, Greta; Nagy, P.; Joris, Hubert; De Croo, Ilse; Tournaye, Herman; Van Steirteghem, André.

In: Fertility and Sterility, Vol. 67, No. 1, 1997, p. 74-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Verheyen, Greta ; Nagy, P. ; Joris, Hubert ; De Croo, Ilse ; Tournaye, Herman ; Van Steirteghem, André. / Quality of frozen-thawed testicular sperm and its preclinical use for intracytoplasmic sperm injection into in vitro-matured germinal-vesicle stage oocytes. In: Fertility and Sterility. 1997 ; Vol. 67, No. 1. pp. 74-80.
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