QCD coherence effects are studied based on measurements of correlations of particles with either restricted transverse momenta, pT < pTcut, where pT is defined with respect to the thrust axis, or restricted absolute momenta, p ≡ | p | < pcut, using about four million hadronic Z decays recorded at LEP with the OPAL detector. The correlations are analyzed in terms of normalized factorial and cumulant moments. The analysis is inspired by analytical QCD calculations which, in conjunction with Local Parton-Hadron Duality (LPHD), predict that, due to colour coherence, the multiplicity distribution of particles with restricted transverse momenta should become Poissonian as pTcut decreases. The expected correlation pattern is indeed observed down to pTcut ≈ 1 GeV but not at lower transverse momenta. Furthermore, for pcut → 0 GeV a strong rise is observed in the data, in disagreement with theoretical expectation. The Monte Carlo models reproduce well the measurements at large pTcut and pcut but underestimate their magnitudes at the lowest momenta. The e+ e- data are also compared to the measurements in deep-inelastic e+ p collisions at HERA. It is shown that for soft particles, the often assumed equivalence of a single hemisphere in e+ e- annihilation with the current region in the Breit frame of a deep-inelastic collision may be misleading. Our study indicates difficulties with the LPHD hypothesis when applied to many-particle inclusive observables of soft hadrons.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 29 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics