Purification, crystallization and X-ray diffraction analyses of the T. elongatus PSII core dimer with strontium replacing calcium in the oxygen-evolving complex

Joanna Kargul, Karim Maghlaoui, James W. Murray, Zsuzsanna Deak, Alain Boussac, A. William Rutherford, Imre Vass, James Barber

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29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The core complex of photosystem II (PSII) was purified from thermophillic cyanobaterium Thermosynechococcus elongatus grown in Sr2+-containing and Ca2+-free medium. Functional in vivo incorporation of Sr2+ into the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) was confirmed by EPR analysis of the isolated and highly purified SrPSII complex in agreement with the previous study of Boussac et al. [J. Biol. Chem. 279 (2004) 22809-22819]. Three-dimensional crystals of SrPSII complex were obtained which diffracted to 3.9 Å and belonged to the orthorhombic space group P212121 with unit cell dimensions of a = 133.6 Å, b = 236.6 Å, c = 307.8 Å. Anomalous diffraction data collected at the Sr K-X-ray absorption edge identified a novel Sr2+-binding site which, within the resolution of these data (6.5 Å), is consistent with the positioning of Ca2+ in the recent crystallographic models of PSII [Ferreira et al. Science 303 (2004) 1831-1838, Loll et al. Nature 438 (2005) 1040-1044]. Fluorescence measurements on SrPSII crystals confirmed that crystallized SrPSII was active in transferring electrons from the OEC to the acceptor site of the reaction centre. However, SrPSII showed altered functional properties of its modified OEC in comparison with that of the CaPSII counterpart: slowdown of the QA-to-QB electron transfer and stabilized S2QA- charge recombination. Crown

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)404-413
Number of pages10
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
Volume1767
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

Keywords

  • Fluorescence decay and imaging
  • Photosynthesis
  • Photosystem II structure
  • Strontium replacement
  • Water splitting
  • X-ray crystallography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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