Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy for peri-implant healing and bone remodeling

Tibor Károly Fábián, Anita Beck, G. Fábián, P. Fejérdy, P. Hermann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Data in the literature revealed that bone formation around dental implants can be promoted due to PEMF treatment significantly. Since PEMF decreases the rate of residual ridge resorption following tooth extraction, PEMF is likely to improve healing of implants inserted into extraction sites as well. PEMF may also be used advantageously for accelerating bone healing following advanced implant surgery. Although PEMF stimulation during the first two weeks after surgery seems to be the most efficient; late phase bone healing (even four weeks after surgery) may also be accelerated with PEMF administration. Moreover, PEMF stimulation speeds up bone remodeling processes which effect is likely to be a crucial factor of the phenomenon that PEMF accelerates tooth movement (and coupled periodontal processes). PEMF also influence the function of periodontal ligament fibroblasts, which also may play a significant role in the acceleration of bone remodeling around orthodontically moved teeth as well as around teeth subjected to high mechanical load during mastication (i.e. abutment teeth) or because of parafunction. Although PEMF was found to be beneficial to a wide variety of therapeutic processes also in dentistry; the exact mechanisms by which PEMF affects alveolar bone and other periodontal tissues is far not fully understood yet. However, certain mechanisms are already recognized and the increased amount of knowledge may be utilized also for the clinical practice. In this chapter scientific data of clinical relevance are collected and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDentures: Types, Benefits and Potential Complications
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages243-244
Number of pages2
ISBN (Print)9781619422803
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Electromagnetic Fields
Bone Remodeling
Therapeutics
Tooth
Bone and Bones
Tooth Movement Techniques
Tooth Extraction
Periodontal Ligament
Dental Implants
Mastication
Dentistry
Osteogenesis
Fibroblasts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Fábián, T. K., Beck, A., Fábián, G., Fejérdy, P., & Hermann, P. (2012). Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy for peri-implant healing and bone remodeling. In Dentures: Types, Benefits and Potential Complications (pp. 243-244). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..

Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy for peri-implant healing and bone remodeling. / Fábián, Tibor Károly; Beck, Anita; Fábián, G.; Fejérdy, P.; Hermann, P.

Dentures: Types, Benefits and Potential Complications. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2012. p. 243-244.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Fábián, TK, Beck, A, Fábián, G, Fejérdy, P & Hermann, P 2012, Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy for peri-implant healing and bone remodeling. in Dentures: Types, Benefits and Potential Complications. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., pp. 243-244.
Fábián TK, Beck A, Fábián G, Fejérdy P, Hermann P. Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy for peri-implant healing and bone remodeling. In Dentures: Types, Benefits and Potential Complications. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. 2012. p. 243-244
Fábián, Tibor Károly ; Beck, Anita ; Fábián, G. ; Fejérdy, P. ; Hermann, P. / Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy for peri-implant healing and bone remodeling. Dentures: Types, Benefits and Potential Complications. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2012. pp. 243-244
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