Publication activity, citation impact and bi-directional links between publications and patents in biotechnology

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)


The study focuses on publication activity, citation impact and citation links between publications and patents in biotechnology. The European Union (EU), US, Japan and China are the most important global players. However, the landscape is changing since the EU and the US are losing ground because of challenges from a group of emerging economies. National profiles differ between the two groups of main players and upcoming countries; the focus on red biotechnology in the US and Europe is contrasted by propensity for white and green technology in Asia. Furthermore, the subject profile of biotechnology papers citing patents and cited by patents as well as the relationship between patent citations and citation impact in scientific literature is explored. Papers that cite patents tend to reflect propensity towards white biotechnology while patent-cited publications have a higher relative share in red biotechnology. No significant difference concerning the citation impact of publications 'citing patents' and 'not citing patents' can be found. This is contrasted by the observation that patent-cited papers perform distinctly better in terms of standard bibliometric indicators than comparable publications that are not linked to technology in this direction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-525
Number of pages21
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2011



  • Biotechnology
  • Citation impact
  • International collaboration
  • Patent citation
  • Publication activity
  • Science-technology linkage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Library and Information Sciences

Cite this