Psychosocial environment

Definitions, measures and associations with weight status - a systematic review

K. Glonti, J. D. Mackenbach, J. Ng, J. Lakerveld, J. M. Oppert, H. Bárdos, M. Mckee, H. Rutter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Socio-ecological models suggest that many elements of the social environment act as upstream determinants of obesity. This systematic review examined definitions, measures and strength of associations between the psychosocial environment and adult weight status. Studies were included if they were conducted on adults, the outcome was weight status, carried out in any developed country and investigated at least one psychosocial environmental construct. Six databases for primary studies were searched: EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library. We restricted our search to studies published in English between January 1995 and February 2015. An adapted 'Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies' was used to evaluate risk of bias of included studies. Out of 14,784 screened records, 42 articles were assessed using full text. A total of 19 studies were included. The strongest associations with weight status were found for social capital and collective efficacy, although few studies found significant associations. There was heterogeneity in the definitions and metrics of psychosocial environmental constructs. There is limited evidence that greater social capital and collective efficacy are associated with healthier weight status. The research conducted to date has not robustly identified relations. We highlight challenges to undertaking research and establishing causality in this field and provide recommendations for further research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-95
Number of pages15
JournalObesity Reviews
Volume17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2016

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Weights and Measures
Library Science
Research
Social Environment
Developed Countries
MEDLINE
Causality
Obesity
Databases
Social Capital

Keywords

  • Obesity
  • Psychosocial environment
  • Social capital
  • SPOTLIGHT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Psychosocial environment : Definitions, measures and associations with weight status - a systematic review. / Glonti, K.; Mackenbach, J. D.; Ng, J.; Lakerveld, J.; Oppert, J. M.; Bárdos, H.; Mckee, M.; Rutter, H.

In: Obesity Reviews, Vol. 17, 01.02.2016, p. 81-95.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glonti, K, Mackenbach, JD, Ng, J, Lakerveld, J, Oppert, JM, Bárdos, H, Mckee, M & Rutter, H 2016, 'Psychosocial environment: Definitions, measures and associations with weight status - a systematic review', Obesity Reviews, vol. 17, pp. 81-95. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12383
Glonti, K. ; Mackenbach, J. D. ; Ng, J. ; Lakerveld, J. ; Oppert, J. M. ; Bárdos, H. ; Mckee, M. ; Rutter, H. / Psychosocial environment : Definitions, measures and associations with weight status - a systematic review. In: Obesity Reviews. 2016 ; Vol. 17. pp. 81-95.
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