Psychopathological symptom dimensions in patients with gastrointestinal disorders

Zoltán Kovács, Gabriella Seres, Olga Kerékgyártó, Pál Czobor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study aims to investigate the factorial validity of a widely used psychopathological rating scale, the Symptom Check List-90-R (SCL-90-R), in a group of patients suffering from gastrointestinal disorders, and to determine the specific psychopathological profiles that characterize the individual patient subgroups. Patients suffering from either irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, non-erosive reflux disease or erosive reflux disease completed the SCL-90-R at a tertiary care gastroenterology department. Seven factors were identified, with one major distress factor and six minor factors. Comparison of the gastrointestinal disorder subgroups indicated that irritable bowel syndrome patients exhibited significantly more psychological distress compared to the other groups, and that gastrointestinal patients as a group, compared to healthy controls, were characterized by high levels of irritable depression and somatization. In planning further studies we encourage the use of factors identified in our study. The treatment of substantial irritable depression can be an important factor in improving quality of life in patients suffering from gastrointestinal disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)378-386
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2010

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Keywords

  • Factor analysis
  • Functional gastrointestinal disorders
  • Gastrointestinal diseases
  • Irritable mood
  • Psychopathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

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