Psychometric properties of the Gotland Scale for Depression in Italian psychiatric inpatients and its utility in the prediction of suicide risk

Marco Innamorati, Maurizio Pompili, X. Gonda, Mario Amore, Gianluca Serafini, Cinzia Niolu, David Lester, Wolfgang Rutz, Z. Ríhmer, Paolo Girardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Rutz has postulated a "male depressive syndrome" measured by the Gotland Scale of Male Depression (GSMD). The aim of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the GSMD in a sample of male and female psychiatric inpatients. Methods: The sample was composed of 326 Italian inpatients who completed the GSMD and the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS). Results: Our results indicated that all the items of the GSMD, except item #13, were highly interrelated, and that the first 12 items of the GSMD may be considered a homogeneous measure of depression. Furthermore, GSMD scores did not differ by sex. The GSMD had good convergent validity with the BHS and was useful in categorizing individuals admitted for a suicide attempt committed in the last 48 h vs. those who had not. Limitations: The study was retrospective in nature and did not assess the ability of the GSMD for predicting future suicidal behavior. Conclusions: The GSMD may be considered to be a valid instrument for measuring non-typical ("suicidality-related") symptoms of depression in both male and female patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-103
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume132
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Fingerprint

Psychometrics
Suicide
Psychiatry
Inpatients
Depression
Aptitude
Depressive Disorder
Retrospective Studies

Keywords

  • Gender
  • Hopelessness
  • Male depression
  • Suicide risk
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Psychometric properties of the Gotland Scale for Depression in Italian psychiatric inpatients and its utility in the prediction of suicide risk. / Innamorati, Marco; Pompili, Maurizio; Gonda, X.; Amore, Mario; Serafini, Gianluca; Niolu, Cinzia; Lester, David; Rutz, Wolfgang; Ríhmer, Z.; Girardi, Paolo.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 132, No. 1-2, 07.2011, p. 99-103.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Innamorati, Marco ; Pompili, Maurizio ; Gonda, X. ; Amore, Mario ; Serafini, Gianluca ; Niolu, Cinzia ; Lester, David ; Rutz, Wolfgang ; Ríhmer, Z. ; Girardi, Paolo. / Psychometric properties of the Gotland Scale for Depression in Italian psychiatric inpatients and its utility in the prediction of suicide risk. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2011 ; Vol. 132, No. 1-2. pp. 99-103.
@article{ee58ecb51dd14109a8f8f65d08b576cf,
title = "Psychometric properties of the Gotland Scale for Depression in Italian psychiatric inpatients and its utility in the prediction of suicide risk",
abstract = "Background: Rutz has postulated a {"}male depressive syndrome{"} measured by the Gotland Scale of Male Depression (GSMD). The aim of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the GSMD in a sample of male and female psychiatric inpatients. Methods: The sample was composed of 326 Italian inpatients who completed the GSMD and the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS). Results: Our results indicated that all the items of the GSMD, except item #13, were highly interrelated, and that the first 12 items of the GSMD may be considered a homogeneous measure of depression. Furthermore, GSMD scores did not differ by sex. The GSMD had good convergent validity with the BHS and was useful in categorizing individuals admitted for a suicide attempt committed in the last 48 h vs. those who had not. Limitations: The study was retrospective in nature and did not assess the ability of the GSMD for predicting future suicidal behavior. Conclusions: The GSMD may be considered to be a valid instrument for measuring non-typical ({"}suicidality-related{"}) symptoms of depression in both male and female patients.",
keywords = "Gender, Hopelessness, Male depression, Suicide risk, Validity",
author = "Marco Innamorati and Maurizio Pompili and X. Gonda and Mario Amore and Gianluca Serafini and Cinzia Niolu and David Lester and Wolfgang Rutz and Z. R{\'i}hmer and Paolo Girardi",
year = "2011",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2011.02.003",
language = "English",
volume = "132",
pages = "99--103",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychometric properties of the Gotland Scale for Depression in Italian psychiatric inpatients and its utility in the prediction of suicide risk

AU - Innamorati, Marco

AU - Pompili, Maurizio

AU - Gonda, X.

AU - Amore, Mario

AU - Serafini, Gianluca

AU - Niolu, Cinzia

AU - Lester, David

AU - Rutz, Wolfgang

AU - Ríhmer, Z.

AU - Girardi, Paolo

PY - 2011/7

Y1 - 2011/7

N2 - Background: Rutz has postulated a "male depressive syndrome" measured by the Gotland Scale of Male Depression (GSMD). The aim of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the GSMD in a sample of male and female psychiatric inpatients. Methods: The sample was composed of 326 Italian inpatients who completed the GSMD and the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS). Results: Our results indicated that all the items of the GSMD, except item #13, were highly interrelated, and that the first 12 items of the GSMD may be considered a homogeneous measure of depression. Furthermore, GSMD scores did not differ by sex. The GSMD had good convergent validity with the BHS and was useful in categorizing individuals admitted for a suicide attempt committed in the last 48 h vs. those who had not. Limitations: The study was retrospective in nature and did not assess the ability of the GSMD for predicting future suicidal behavior. Conclusions: The GSMD may be considered to be a valid instrument for measuring non-typical ("suicidality-related") symptoms of depression in both male and female patients.

AB - Background: Rutz has postulated a "male depressive syndrome" measured by the Gotland Scale of Male Depression (GSMD). The aim of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the GSMD in a sample of male and female psychiatric inpatients. Methods: The sample was composed of 326 Italian inpatients who completed the GSMD and the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS). Results: Our results indicated that all the items of the GSMD, except item #13, were highly interrelated, and that the first 12 items of the GSMD may be considered a homogeneous measure of depression. Furthermore, GSMD scores did not differ by sex. The GSMD had good convergent validity with the BHS and was useful in categorizing individuals admitted for a suicide attempt committed in the last 48 h vs. those who had not. Limitations: The study was retrospective in nature and did not assess the ability of the GSMD for predicting future suicidal behavior. Conclusions: The GSMD may be considered to be a valid instrument for measuring non-typical ("suicidality-related") symptoms of depression in both male and female patients.

KW - Gender

KW - Hopelessness

KW - Male depression

KW - Suicide risk

KW - Validity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79958129591&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79958129591&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2011.02.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2011.02.003

M3 - Article

VL - 132

SP - 99

EP - 103

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

IS - 1-2

ER -