Psychometric properties and construct validity of the Muscle Appearance Satisfaction Scale among Hungarian men

Bernadett Babusa, R. Urbán, Edit Czeglédi, Ferenc Túry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Limited studies have evaluated the psychometric properties of the Muscle Appearance Satisfaction Scale (MASS), a measure of muscle dysmorphia, in different cultures and languages. The aims were to examine the psychometric properties of the Hungarian version of the MASS (MASS-HU), and to investigate its relationship with self-esteem and exercise-related variables. Two independent samples of male weight lifters (ns=289 and 43), and a sample of undergraduates (n=240) completed the MASS, Eating Disorder Inventory, and Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. Exploratory factor analysis supported the original five-factor structure of the MASS only in the weight lifter sample. The MASS-HU had excellent scale score reliability and good test-retest reliability. The construct validity of the MASS-HU was tested with multivariate regression analyses which indicated an inverse relationship between self-esteem and muscle dysmorphia. The 18-item MASS-HU was found to be a useful measure for the assessment of muscle dysmorphia among male weight lifters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-162
Number of pages8
JournalBody Image
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

Fingerprint

Psychometrics
Muscles
Self Concept
Weights and Measures
Reproducibility of Results
Statistical Factor Analysis
Language
Multivariate Analysis
Regression Analysis
Exercise
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • Cross-cultural
  • Exploratory factor analysis
  • Muscle Appearance Satisfaction Scale
  • Muscle dysmorphia
  • Self-esteem
  • Weight lifters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Psychometric properties and construct validity of the Muscle Appearance Satisfaction Scale among Hungarian men. / Babusa, Bernadett; Urbán, R.; Czeglédi, Edit; Túry, Ferenc.

In: Body Image, Vol. 9, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 155-162.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Babusa, Bernadett ; Urbán, R. ; Czeglédi, Edit ; Túry, Ferenc. / Psychometric properties and construct validity of the Muscle Appearance Satisfaction Scale among Hungarian men. In: Body Image. 2012 ; Vol. 9, No. 1. pp. 155-162.
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