Psychiatric characteristics of 100 nonviolent suicide attempters in Hungary

Annamária Rihmer, Zoltán Rihmer, Éva Jekkel, Mihály Kárteszi, Nora Csiszér, Agnes Farkas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)


Background. Previous international and Hungarian studies have shown that around 90% of persons making suicide attempts had at least one current mental disorder. The aim of this study was to investigate the current prevalence of DSM-IV Axis I psychiatric diagnoses among nonviolent suicide attempters in Budapest, Hungary. Methods. Using a structured interview (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview) determining DSM-IV Axis I diagnoses, the authors examined 100 consecutively contacted nonviolent suicide attempters (68 females and 32 males), aged between 14 and 66 (mean: 36.3 years). Results. A total of 64% of the subjects were repeated attempters, and the most common method was drug overdose (96%), in 21% of cases in combination with alcohol ingestion. A total of 92% of the attempters had at least one current DSM-IV Axis I psychiatric diagnosis. In 87% it was depressive disorder (59% unipolar major depression, 14% bipolar II depression and 12% bipolar I depression, 2% dysthymic disorder), in 46% anxiety disorders, in 27% substance-use disorder and in 2% psychotic disorder. Sixty percent of the attempters received two or more current Axis I diagnoses (35% depressive+ anxiety disorder only, 15% depressive+ substance-related disorder only, and 10% depressive+ anxiety+ substance-related disorder). Limitations. Nonviolent suicide attempters are not representative of all persons with attempted suicide and subthreshold Axis I diagnoses were not investigated. Conclusion. This study supports previous international and Hungarian findings on the high prevalence and comorbidity of Axis I mental disorders among persons with recent nonviolent suicide attempt.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-72
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2006


  • Axis I diagnoses
  • Comorbidity
  • Drug-overdose
  • Nonviolent suicide attempt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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