Pseudopotential theory of interacting roton pairs in superfluid He4

K. Bedell, D. Pines, A. Zawadowski

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A configuration-space pseudopotential, which is closely related to that used by Aldrich and Pines to describe the effective interaction between background particles in He3 and He4, is constructed and used to calculate the roton-roton scattering amplitude. From that amplitude we obtain a theory that is completely congruent with the roton-liquid theory of Bedell, Pines, and Fomin. We calculate two-roton bound states, roton-liquid parameters, and roton lifetimes, as well as information about the hybridization of the two-roton bound state with excitations of higher and lower energy. Excellent agreement between theory and experiment is obtained for the l=2 bound state at zero pair momentum, the roton lifetime, the roton contribution to the normal-fluid viscosity and the normal-fluid density, and the temperature variation of the roton energy. The effective roton-roton coupling parameters at large pair momentum are found to be an order of magnitude larger than those for small or vanishing pair momentum. At SVP we find that a substantial number of two-roton bound states of varying symmetry exist for pair momentum up to 3 -1; at standard pressure, however the roton-roton interaction for momenta 1 -1 is found to become repulsive, so that both the l=2 bound state at zero pair momentum and bound states at intermediate momenta are predicted to disappear under pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-122
Number of pages21
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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