This review paper discusses the use of isotopes of three metals (lead, silver and copper) as a tool to determine the provenance of the raw material of archaeological and historical metal objects. Lead isotope analyses have been performed on various types of metal artefacts since the 1950s. In the 1990s, the introduction of multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometers (MC-ICP-MS) offered a great opportunity to do faster, more precise and accurate measurements and to measure other metal isotopes such as copper and silver isotopes. Two published case studies are discussed as examples showing how the combination of lead, silver and copper isotopes can be used to determine the provenance of the raw material of silver artefacts. The combined use of these three isotopes is unique in the field of provenance studies.
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 2016|
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