The term "proteome" (proteome, PROTEin complement to a genOME) by now a generally accepted expression in biomedical science meaning a complete complements of proteins. The discipline "proteomics", coined after proteome, deals with the analysis of the complete set of proteins occurring in the living organism. This includes the identification and quantification of proteins, the determination of protein localisation, modifications, interactions, activities and function. Performing comparative studies is an important part of proteomics for the analysis of proteins in health and disease. The knowledge generated is already used for improved diagnostic procedures and development of new drugs and therapies. During the proteome analysis, as outlined in this paper, even very small quantities (concentrations) of proteins are measured, then the protein is identified and its structure is elucidated. This procedure is followed by functional studies. An important part of proteomics is the collection and validation of numerical databases suitable for data mining. There is a general understanding that methodology driven research (e.g. NMR, mass spectrometry, DNA chips) is also an integrated part of this discipline. It is already sensed that the analysis of proteome can lead to the discovery of new proteins proving targets for drug research and to the establishment of new procedures with a perspective of improved diagnosis and therapy.
|Translated title of the contribution||Proteomics - The new challenge|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Lege Artis Medicinae|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2003|
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