HGF and phorbol ester induce the scattering of HepG2 cells. Recently, we have reported that the motility and morphological responses that accompany this process require the activation of Erk1/Erk2 MAP kinases, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase contributes to the activation of Erk1/Erk2 in HGF-induced cells. The cell scattering-associated appearance of a high-M(r) (>300 kDa) protein pair has also been observed, and has been proven to be a sensitive marker of the intensity of Erk1/Erk2 activation. Our present study demonstrates that in HGF-induced cells protein kinase C and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase regulate oppositely the expression of these cell scattering-associated proteins. While in phorbol ester-treated cells the sustained activation of protein kinase C is essential for this expression, in HGF-induced cells the inhibition of protein kinase C with bisindolylmaleimide I stimulates the expression. Protein kinase C reduces the HGF-induced phosphorylation of Erk1/Erk2, and in this way it can limit the intensity of Erk1/Erk2-dependent gene-expression. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
- (HepG2 cells)
- Cell scattering- associated protein
- MAP kinase cascade
- Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase
- Protein kinase C
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology