Promotion and inhibition effects of TiO x species on Rh inverse model catalysts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of TiO x on the bonding of CO test molecules to different Rh surfaces has been investigated in model systems under UHV conditions. The TiO x overlayers had a twofold effect both on Rh nanoparticles and Ar + -ion sputtered Rh films prepared on TiO 2 (1 1 0). They suppressed the uptake of molecular CO by a site blocking mechanism. In the other mechanism the recombinative CO desorption states went through a maximum at intermediate TiO x coverages on both kinds of rhodium surfaces, indicating the promotion of CO decomposition. These findings are in harmony with earlier high pressure studies which showed that the methanation rate of CO on rhodium is maximal at intermediate TiO x coverages. The effect of a TiO x film underneath a Rh deposit (0.4 monolayer) on its surface chemistry has also been addressed. A Rh-TiO x -Rh structure was formed at 230 K by the deposition of Rh on a continuous TiO x film supported by a 20 monolayer thick Rh multilayer. CO desorption curves indicated a highly reactive Rh overlayer at 230 K and also a dramatic structural change in the rather narrow temperature range of 230-265 K. The rearrangement is accompanied by the migration of TiO x species onto the post-deposited Rh as it can be deduced from the appearance of a CO desorption feature with T p = 360 K. The driving force of the process is the formation of strong Rh-Rh bonds and the low surface free energy of TiO x overlayer with respect to the bare Rh surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)432-439
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - Sep 15 2014


  • Carbon monoxide dissociation
  • Metal-oxide-metal (MOM) structure
  • Promotion
  • Rhodium
  • Site-blocking effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Promotion and inhibition effects of TiO <sub>x</sub> species on Rh inverse model catalysts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this