Cortisol administered at a dose of 25 mg/kg 24 h before measurements decreased the prolactin secretion induced by intraventricularly given opioids (dynorphin, beta-endorphin, Met-enkephalin or D-Met-Pro-enkephalinamide). The effect of cortisol was depressed by actinomycin D pretreatment. The cortisol-induced inhibition of the action of morphine was facilitated in adrenalectomized animals; measuring the effects of increasing doses of cortisol a maximal inhibition was obtained at a dose of 5 mg/kg. The opioid-induced corticosterone secretion was not affected 24 h after a single administration of cortisol. The present results show that the cortisol-induced inhibition of opioid-induced prolactin secretion is dependent on protein synthesis and independent of changes in drug metabolism, and of the type of opiate receptor preferentially affected by the opiate agonists employed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience