The history of organ transplantation in Hungary dates back to 50 years, and the first succesful liver transplantation was performed in the United States in that time as well. The number of patients with end stage liver disease increased worldwide, and over 7000 patients die in each year due to liver disease in Hungary. The most effective treatment of end-stage liver disease is liver transplantation. The indications of liver transplantation represent a wide spectrum including viral, alcoholic or other parenchymal liver cirrhosis, but cholestatic liver disease and acute fulminant cases are also present in the daily routine. In pediatric patients biliary atresia and different forms of metabolic liver disorders represent the main indication for liver transplantation. The results of liver transplantation in Hungary are optimal with over 80% long-term survival. For better survival individual drug therapy and monitoring are introduced in liver transplant candidates.
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