Progress in interface modifications: From compatibilization to adaptive and smart interphases

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)


Common consideration and classification of surface and interface phenomena in wide areas of material science are discussed through three examples: basalt fiber reinforced composite; flame retarded polypropylene and polyorganosiloxane nanocomposite. Interface-related characteristics of polymer composites and biomaterials are discussed using uniform principles. A new classification of the interphases is introduced including the compatible, adaptive and smart interfacial layers. In case of basalt fiber reinforced polypropylene reactive interface modification is performed in a new and economic way using reactive surfactants. These additives accomplish the compatibilization of the phases during reactive compounding/processing. The fire retardancy of polypropylene system containing ammonium polyphosphate and clay nanoparticles is enhanced by adaptive polysiloxane interphase. Clay additive provides thermal and pH responsive character to silicone based biomaterial thus it can be applied for forming smart interphases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)697-705
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2005


  • Adaptive
  • Basalt fiber
  • Compatible
  • Composite
  • Fire retardancy
  • Smart interphase
  • Thermal
  • pH responsive biomaterials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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