Progress in interface modifications: From compatibilization to adaptive and smart interphases

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39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Common consideration and classification of surface and interface phenomena in wide areas of material science are discussed through three examples: basalt fiber reinforced composite; flame retarded polypropylene and polyorganosiloxane nanocomposite. Interface-related characteristics of polymer composites and biomaterials are discussed using uniform principles. A new classification of the interphases is introduced including the compatible, adaptive and smart interfacial layers. In case of basalt fiber reinforced polypropylene reactive interface modification is performed in a new and economic way using reactive surfactants. These additives accomplish the compatibilization of the phases during reactive compounding/processing. The fire retardancy of polypropylene system containing ammonium polyphosphate and clay nanoparticles is enhanced by adaptive polysiloxane interphase. Clay additive provides thermal and pH responsive character to silicone based biomaterial thus it can be applied for forming smart interphases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)697-705
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2005

Fingerprint

Compatibilizers
Polypropylenes
polypropylene
polysiloxanes
Basalt
Biocompatible Materials
Biomaterials
Silicones
basalt
clays
Clay
Compounding (chemical)
Siloxanes
compounding
Polyphosphates
composite materials
fibers
Fibers
Composite materials
silicones

Keywords

  • Adaptive
  • Basalt fiber
  • Compatible
  • Composite
  • Fire retardancy
  • pH responsive biomaterials
  • Smart interphase
  • Thermal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

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abstract = "Common consideration and classification of surface and interface phenomena in wide areas of material science are discussed through three examples: basalt fiber reinforced composite; flame retarded polypropylene and polyorganosiloxane nanocomposite. Interface-related characteristics of polymer composites and biomaterials are discussed using uniform principles. A new classification of the interphases is introduced including the compatible, adaptive and smart interfacial layers. In case of basalt fiber reinforced polypropylene reactive interface modification is performed in a new and economic way using reactive surfactants. These additives accomplish the compatibilization of the phases during reactive compounding/processing. The fire retardancy of polypropylene system containing ammonium polyphosphate and clay nanoparticles is enhanced by adaptive polysiloxane interphase. Clay additive provides thermal and pH responsive character to silicone based biomaterial thus it can be applied for forming smart interphases.",
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AU - Keszei, S.

AU - Matkó, Sz

AU - Bertalan, G.

AU - Anna, P.

AU - Marosi, G.

AU - Tóth, A.

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