Studies on the expression of genes regulating cell proliferation and apoptosis is of importance in relation to understanding the severity of the process and the possibility of malignant transformation. In the present study immunohistochemical demonstration of cyclin D1, p27 and p63 has been added to our previous investigations on Ki-67, p53 and apoptosis index. Clinical and pathologicalimmunohistochemical studies on oral leukoplakias of 18 patients were performed. Clinically homogenous, non-homogenous or nodular, and erythroleukoplakia were distinguished. Pathologically the grading was made according to the degree of dysplasia. Immunoperoxidase reactions for cyclin D1, p27 and p63 were carried out, and the positivity was expressed in per cent, considering 1000 epithelial cells. Expression of cyclin D1 increased in paralel with the severity of leukoplakia. p27 expression was 14-16% in homogenous and nodular leukoplakias, whereas in erythroleukoplakia it decreased to 1-2%. p63 expression was 10% in average in homogenous, and 5% in nodular leukoplakias. While in erythroleukoplakias it increased to 20 per cent. The characteristic cyclin D1, p27 and p63 phenotype in various forms of leukoplakia may be considered as prognostic factors.
|Translated title of the contribution||Prognotic significance of cyclin D1, p27 and p63 expression in oral leukoplakia|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2004|
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