Despite of extensive and intensive investigations, the predictive and prognostic value of c-K-ras mutation is not unequivocal. There has been reported about investigation the occurrence of mutations in the 88 colorectal cancer patient's specimen using polymerase chain reaction. Age: 61.9 years (27-80), gender 8 male, 42 female. Dukes' stages: 43 at the B, 35 at C, 10 at D. Primary of tumour: 52 colon, 36 rectal adenocarcinoma. Mutation out of one of the three ras-codons was detectable in the 54 cases, more frequently at the stage Dukes' C (p < 0.05). The ras-mutation concerned to more elevated death-rate in the stages Dukes' B and C (p < 0.01). Mean survival time to progression was significantly longer at the stage Dukes' B if mutation had not been detected (p < 0.01). The occurrence of the rate of genetic alteration was significantly more frequent at tumours of right-side colon, than left side (p < 0.02) or rectum (p < 0.05) one's. However, at the age of 41-50 years it was significantly more presented at the cases of rectal cancer (p < 0.01). At the age of 51-60 years mutations were detected among men at higher rate (p < 0.05). The cases of local recurrences concerned by mutation at the codon of 13 (p < 0.05). Occurrence of ras-oncogene is the sign of extremely malignant potential of tumour. This fact manifested itself in the time to progression and mean survival time of patients at same clinical or pathological stage. The higher frequency of genetic alterations at the proximal colon may be the reason of more unfavourable prognosis of the disease localised to this site. Reconstructing the molecular events, the presence of ras mutation can serve as a basis for prognosis of the disease and permit of potentially individualised therapeutic intervention.
|Translated title of the contribution||Prognostic value of the presence of the mutation of the codons 12, 13 and 61 in K-ras oncogene in colorectal cancer|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 25 1999|
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