Currently, there are no outcome data to suggest an incremental value of stress echocardiography in the risk stratification of patients who have hypertension after controlling for the left ventricular mass index (LVMI). This study assessed the incremental value of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) for the prediction of mortality rate and cardiac events in patients who have hypertension. We studied 596 patients who had hypertension (mean age 62 ± 12 years; 382 men) and who underwent DSE for evaluation of known or suspected coronary artery disease. End points during follow-up were hard cardiac events (cardiac death and nonfatal myocardial infarction) and total mortality rate. Left ventricular hypertrophy was detected by echocardiography in 119 patients (20%). During a median follow-up of 3 years, 101 patients (17%) died (43 cardiac deaths) and 19 patients had nonfatal myocardial infarction. In an incremental multivariate analysis model, clinical predictors of hard cardiac events were age, history of congestive heart failure, and LVMI. The percentage of abnormal myocardial segments examined with DSE was incremental to the clinical model (chi square 41 vs 27, p <0.001). Clinical predictors of total mortality rate were age, smoking, hypercholesterolemia, history of congestive heart failure, and LVMI. The peak wall motion score index was incremental to the clinical model (chi square 45 vs 40, p <0.05). DSE provides incremental data for the prediction of mortality rate and hard cardiac events in patients who have hypertension after adjustment for clinical data and LVMI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine