Objective: The aim of our study was the determination of microvascularization and its prognostic significance in lung cancer patients. Methods: Histological sections were prepared from paraffinembedded tissues removed from the peripheral part of the tumor of 450 radically operated non-small cell and small cell lung cancer patients. Immunohistochemical staining was performed with antibody against factor VIII-associated antigen. During computer imaging, the absolute and relative parameters of vascularization were determined, as was the density of tumor cells situated to the nearest neighboring vessels. The results were compared with TNM status, the cell type and survival. Results: T2 and T4 tumors demonstrated an enhanced vascularization, however, except for the surface fraction, statistically significant difference was not found. The microvascularization parameters did not differ significantly between tumors with different N status. In small cell lung cancer cases, the vascularization was stronger than in non-small cell lung cancer cases, while cell density was lower, however, these differences did not prove statistically significant. The survival rate decreased significantly with the increasing tumor cell density in the interval of 0-20 μm. Conclusions: A clear connection could not be demonstrated between vascularization and the appearance of lymph node metastases. The density of tumor cells measured in the direct vicinity of vessels proved an important prognostic factor.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 2006|
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