Principal component analysis for a better understanding of the herbicidal effectivity of some benzonitriles.

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To gain more insight in mode of action of ten different 4-hydroxy-benzonitrile derivatives, their biological activities in eight bioassays, and their lipophilicity and adsorptivity determined by thin-layer chromatography in nine different systems were subjected to principal component analysis. Four background components explained about 90% of total variance. Only three of eight biological activities, the inhibition of the 2,6-dichlorophenol-indophenol reduction by spinach and wheat chloroplasts and the CO2 fixation of wheat seedlings had not any common background components with the physico-chemical parameters of the compounds. The nonlinear mapping of principal component loadings and variables showed, that the in vivo and in vitro biological activities differed considerably and depended on the object investigated. The effectivity of compounds is governed mainly by the number of substituents and by the presence of free hydroxy group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-330
Number of pages10
JournalGeneral physiology and biophysics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 1985


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Physiology

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