Primary Sjögren's syndrome from the viewpoint of an internal physician

Gyula Pokorny, János Németh, Ilona Marczinovits, Mária Kiss, János Hudák, Sándor Husz

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The characteristics of primary Sjögren's syndrome are described on the basis of the follow-up of 65 patients with extraglandular symptoms at the onset and during the disease. The mean age of the patients at onset was 41.8 years and at the time of definite diagnosis was 45.8 years. Articular (32 cases), lacrimal (30 cases) and salivary (30 cases) manifestations were the most frequent initial symptoms. In only 22 of the 65 patients could Sjögren's syndrome be diagnosed at the onset. In most cases, the articular symptoms observed observed in 56 patients during the course corresponded to true polyarthritis, as verified by joint scintigraphy. Most frequently the wrists and ankles were affected. Chronic atrophic gastritis was found in 35 patients. In the young patients (13 cases), both the antrum and the corpus were affected more frequently than in the controls. In middle-aged patients (21 cases), atrophy of the antrum, and in the elderly (10 cases) atrophy of the corpus was more frequent than in the controls. All three types of chronic atrophic gastritis occurred in the disease. The decreased gastric acid secretion was characteristic of types A and AB gastritis, but the hypergastrinaemia only of type A. It was verified that chronic duodenitis and jejunitis occur in the disease. The pancreatic lesions were mild. Renal involvement was detected in 15 patients, vascular symptoms in 22 and lower-airway changes in 21. The variety of the different symptoms proved that primary Sjögren's syndrome can involve many organs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-406
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Ophthalmology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 1991


  • Atrophic gastritis
  • Sjögren's syndrome
  • polyarthritis
  • tubolointerstitial nephritis
  • tubular acidosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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