Authors report a case of rhabdomyolysis occurring in a chronic alcoholic patient where they suspect in the development of rhabdomyolysis beside the effect of alcohol also a role of drug intoxication and muscle compression. They found sustained myoglobinaemia and myoglobinuria, while in this case beside the hypocalcemia during the initial phase of rhabdomyolysis normal parathyroid hormone level was found. Therefore in alcoholic intoxicated patients the measurement of creatine kinase is indicated. Beside total lactate dehydrogenase the determination of isoenzymes is in some cases helpful. In the presented case despite extensive rhabdomyolysis, acute renal failure was prevented by early volumen replacement therapy and use mannitol-sodium bicarbonate infusions. Authors discuss the possibility of the role of calcium blocking agent nifedipine in the prevention of rhabdomyolysis and acute renal failure.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - May 27 1990|
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