To prevent acute renal failure in children at risk for developing tumor lysis syndrome due to acute lymphoblastic leukemia or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma treated according to international BFM protocols, we investigated recombinant urate oxidase (rasburicase) in the first Central European open-labeled, prospective, multicenter phase IV trial. Rasburicase was administered intravenously, at 0.2 mg/kg for 5 consecutive days to 36 patients. Blood levels of uric acid, creatinine, phosphorus, calcium, lactate dehydrogenase and complete blood count were measured daily during rasburicase treatment and on days 6, 7 and 12. Initial uric acid level decreased significantly by 4 hours (from 343 μmol/L to 58 μmol/L, p<0.001), except for one steroid-resistant patient who required hemodialysis on day 14 after having introduced combined cytostatic treatment. Comparing the data of a subgroup of 12 patients receiving rasburicase with that of a historic cohort of 14 patients treated with allopurinol indicated the superiority of rasburicase over allopurinol in prophylaxis and treatment of hyperuricemia in children with leukemia and lymphoma.
- Tumor lysis syndrome
- Uric acid
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cancer Research