NCBI database analysis indicated that the human C1orf41 protein (small heat shock-like protein-Hsp16.2) has sequence similarity with small heat shock proteins (sHsps). Since sHsps have chaperone function, and so prevent aggregation of denatured proteins, we determined whether Hsp16.2 could prevent the heat-induced aggregation of denatured proteins. Under our experimental conditions, recombinant Hsp16.2 prevented aggregation of aldolase and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, and protected Escherichia coli cells from heat stress indicating its chaperone function. Hsp16.2 also formed oligomeric complexes in aqueous solution. Hsp16.2 was found to be expressed at different levels in cell lines and tissues, and was mainly localized to the nucleus and the cytosol, but to a smaller extent, it could be also found in mitochondria. Hsp16.2 could be modified covalently by poly(ADP ribosylation) and acetylation. Hsp16.2 over-expression prevented etoposide-induced cell death as well as the release of mitochondrial cytochrome c and caspase activation. These data suggest that Hsp16.2 can prevent the destabilization of mitochondrial membrane systems and could represent a suitable target for modulating cell death pathways.
- Cytoprotection, Tumor genesis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology