Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Roma

A comparative health examination survey in Hungary

Zsigmond Kósa, Ágota Moravcsik-Kornyicki, Judit Diószegi, Bayard Roberts, Z. Szabó, J. Sándor, R. Ádány

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of our study was to compare the health status of the Roma people with that of the general population in Hungary. Methods: A health examination survey to define the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components was performed in a representative random sample (n = 646) of the Roma population aged 20-64 years living in segregated colonies, and data were compared with that obtained in a representative random sample (n = 1819) of the Hungarian population. Results: The risks for central obesity, hypertension and raised triglyceride level among Roma adults were not different from the Hungarian references, while raised fasting plasma glucose or known type 2 diabetes mellitus (OR = 2.65, 95%CI 1.90-3.69), reduced HDL cholesterol level or treated lipid disorder (OR = 2.15, 95%CI 1.65-2.79) were significantly more frequent in all age groups in the Roma sample. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (OR = 1.37, 95%CI 1.03-1.83) was also significantly higher among Roma than in the general Hungarian population. Conclusions: Besides tackling the socio-economic determinants of the poor health of Roma people, specific public health interventions considering increased genetic susceptibility to metabolic disturbances are needed to improve their health status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-304
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015

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Roma
Hungary
Health Surveys
Population
Health Status
Abdominal Obesity
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
HDL Cholesterol
Fasting
Triglycerides
Public Health
Age Groups
Economics
Hypertension
Lipids
Glucose
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Roma : A comparative health examination survey in Hungary. / Kósa, Zsigmond; Moravcsik-Kornyicki, Ágota; Diószegi, Judit; Roberts, Bayard; Szabó, Z.; Sándor, J.; Ádány, R.

In: European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 25, No. 2, 01.04.2015, p. 299-304.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kósa, Zsigmond ; Moravcsik-Kornyicki, Ágota ; Diószegi, Judit ; Roberts, Bayard ; Szabó, Z. ; Sándor, J. ; Ádány, R. / Prevalence of metabolic syndrome among Roma : A comparative health examination survey in Hungary. In: European Journal of Public Health. 2015 ; Vol. 25, No. 2. pp. 299-304.
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