Prevalence of chronic diseases and activity-limiting disability among roma and non-roma people: A cross-sectional, census-based investigation

Ferenc Vincze, Anett Földvári, Anita Pálinkás, Valéria Sipos, Eszter Anna Janka, Róza Ádány, János Sándor

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Abstract

The lack of recommended design for Roma health-monitoring hinders the interventions to improve the health status of this ethnic minority. We aim to describe the riskiness of Roma ethnicity using census-derived data and to demonstrate the value of census for monitoring the Roma to non-Roma gap. This study investigated the self-declared occurrence of at least one chronic disease and the existence of activity limitations among subjects with chronic disease by the database of the 2011 Hungarian Census. Risks were assessed by odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) from logistic regression analyses controlled for sociodemographic factors. Roma ethnicity is a risk factor for chronic diseases (OR = 1.17; 95% CI: 1.16-1.18) and for activity limitation in everyday life activities (OR = 1.20; 95% CI: 1.17-1.23), learning-working (OR = 1.24; 95% CI: 1.21-1.27), family life (OR = 1.22; 95% CI: 1.16-1.28), and transport (OR = 1.03; 95% CI: 1.01-1.06). The population-level impact of Roma ethnicity was 0.39% (95% CI: 0.37-0.41) for chronic diseases and varied between 0 and 1.19% for activity limitations. Our investigations demonstrated that (1) the Roma ethnicity is a distinct risk factor with significant population level impact for chronic disease occurrence accompanied with prognosis worsening influence, and that (2) the census can improve the Roma health-monitoring system, primarily by assessing the population level impact.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3620
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume16
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

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Keywords

  • Census
  • Health status
  • Impact assessment
  • Monitoring
  • Risk assessment
  • Roma minority

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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