Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) is still the most frequently encountered sexually transmitted infectious agent in females. Public health importance of genital chlamydiasis lies in the asymptomatic character of the infection, and the possible serious late sequelae affecting natural fertility of women. The authors report on the prevalence of female genital C. trachomatis infection evaluated by a new diagnostic approach, available since May 2004, in Hungary. Vaginal fluid specimens collected by introital self-sampling and posted in plastic vials to the laboratory were analyzed using polymerase chain reaction by COBAS Amplicor System. Infected women were treated by a single dose oral azithromycin. A total number of 1050 specimens were evaluated during the 12 months period of the study. The prevalence of chlamydial infection in women who gave personal information (3.9%) and those remaining anonymous (4.5%) was similar (p=0.6). The prevalence of chlamydial infection in the entire study population was 4.2%. The rate of positive findings in women living outside Budapest (5.2%) was significantly higher as compared to those living in the capital (2.3%) (p=0.03). Due to the low number of women reporting on their age, evaluation of age-specific prevalence could not be determined. The authors conclude that the prevalence of genital chlamydial infections in an unselected female population is still high in Hungary necessitating appropriate steps to screen and identify women at risk, with the availability of the diagnostic background.
|Translated title of the contribution||Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in the female population using the introital self-test|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Magyar Noorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 9 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Reproductive Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology