The aim of our study was to compare the major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors of smokers and non-smokers. Risk screening of CVD was estimated by a questionnaire, via interview. Random samples of 20 000 inhabitants of Debrecen, Hungary, aged 30-65 y, took part in the study. 19 922 questionnaires were considered appropriate for further evaluation. 32.2% of the participants (n = 6410) were smokers, whose data were compared to those of the 68.8% of non-smokers (n = 13 512). There were more male smokers than female (39.3% vs 27.7%), (P < 0.001). 36.5% of males and 58.9% of females had not previously smoked regularly (P < 0.001). 24.2% of males and only 13.3% of females were able to stop smoking (P < 0.001). 8.7% of the participants smoked more than 20 cigarettes per day (14.8% of males, 5.0% of females), (P < 0.001). Smokers were younger, with a mean age of 43.4 y vs 47.1 y for non-smokers (P < 0.01). The ex-smokers and non-smokers had a higher body mass index than light, moderate and heavy smokers (26.75 ± 4.1 kg/m2 and 26.09±4.3 kg/m2 vs 24.87±3.9 kg/m2 and 24.89±4.2 kg/m2 and 25.32±4.3 kg/m2, respectively), (P < 0.001). The results of the last measured blood pressures did not differ between the two groups. 94.8% of smokers and 93.6% of non-smokers did not perform any regular leisure time exercises (P < 0.01). 39.8% of smokers regularly ate fatty food, in comparison to 28.0% of non-smokers (P < 0.001). 30.6% of smokers vs 28.6% of non-smokers were factory workers while 69.4% of smokers vs 71.4% of non-smokers did sedentary jobs (P < 0.001). 2.3% of smokers vs 0.9% of non-smokers admitted regular consumption of alcohol (P < 0.001). Amongst the parents and brothers/sisters of smokers the prevalence of heart attack was higher 19.7% vs 18.7%, than for those of non-smokers (P < 0.05). We observed an accumulation of cardiovascular risk factors in the case of smokers, which indicates the higher susceptibility of smokers to CVD.
- Cardiovascular risk
- Public health
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health