Pretreatment of therapeutic cells with poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor enhances their efficacy in an in vitro model of cell-based therapy in myocardial infarct

Mónika Szepes, Zsófia Janicsek, Zsolt Benko, Attila Cselenyák, Levente Kiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The potential of cell-based therapies in diseases involving ischemia-reperfusion is greatly hampered by the excessive loss of administered cells in the harsh and oxidative environment where these cells are supposed to act. Therefore, we investigated if inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in the therapeutically added cells would lead to their increased viability and, subsequently, to an enhanced effect in an in vitro simulated ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) setting. Ischemic conditions were simulated by oxygen and glucose deprivation for 160 min using H9c2 rat cardiomyoblast cells. After 30 min of reperfusion, these cells received 4 types of treatments: no added cells (I-R model), fluorescently labeled (Vybrant DiD) therapeutic H9c2 cells with vehicle (H9c2) or PARP inhibitor (10 μM or 100 μM PJ34) pretreatment. We assessed viability (live, apoptotic and necrotic) of both 'postischemic' and therapeutic cells with flow cytometric analysis using calcein-AM/ethidium homodimer-2 fluorescent staining after 24 h of co-culture. Further measurements on necrosis and metabolic activity were performed using lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and resazurin based assays. The percentage of surviving therapeutic cells increased significantly with PARP inhibition (untreated, 52.02±5.01%; 10 μM PJ34, 63.38±4.50%; 100 μM PJ34, 64.99±3.47%). The percentage of necrotic cells decreased in a similar manner (untreated, 37.23±4.40%; 10 μM PJ34, 26.83±3.49%; 100 μM PJ34, 24.96±2.43%). Notably, the survival of the cells that suffered I-R injury was also significantly higher when treated with PARP-inhibited therapeutic cells (I-R model, 36.44±5.05%; H9c2, 42.81±5.11%; 10 μM PJ34, 52.07±5.80%; 100 μM PJ34, 54.95±5.55%), while necrosis was inhibited (I-R model, 43.64±4.00%; H9c2, 37.29±4.55%; 10 μM PJ34, 30.18±4.60%; 100 μM PJ34, 25.52±3.47%). In subsequent experiments, PARP inhibition decreased LDH-release of the observed combined cell population and enhanced the metabolic activity. Thus, our results suggest that pretreating the therapeutically added cells with a PARP inhibitor could be beneficial in the setting of cell-based therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-32
Number of pages7
JournalInternational journal of molecular medicine
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Cell-based therapy
  • Ischemia-reperfusion
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase
  • Pretreatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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